Kardamyla is the third largest populated area on Chios (after the City of Chios and Vrontados). The name of the settlement has survived from antiquity, though the present form of it is more recent. It has a port, Marmaro, built at the head of the large natural harbor. The majority of the population is engaged in seafaring. In recent years, schools and public buildings have been built with donations given by the local ship owners to their birthplace, but the widespread urban renewal means that almost nothing of the old traditional houses has survived. The remains of a medieval defence-work can be seen on the Gria hill. The remains of a Hellenistic wall show that the site was defended in antiquity. Five kilometers from Kardamyla to the north is the beach of Nagos and next to that, the beach of Giossonas.